A good way to manage high cholesterol is to lower your LDL level. This brochure describes cholesterol classifications and steps you can take to lower your LDL Cholesterol.
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THIS INFORMATION IS INTENDED FOR US CONSUMERS
Manage Your Cholesterol
A good way to manage high cholesterol is to lower your LDL level. Lowering LDL can help prevent heart attacks and help reduce deaths from heart disease in men and women.
Understand your cholesterol classification
|Desirable||Less than 200 mg/dL|
|Borderline high||200-239 mg/dL|
|High||240 mg/dL and above|
|Major heart disease risk factor||Less than 40 mg/dL|
|Gives some protection against heart disease||60 mg/dL and above|
|Optimal (ideal)||Less than 100 mg/dL|
|Near optimal/above optimal||100-129 mg/dL|
|Borderline high||130-159 mg/dL|
|Very high||190 mg/dL and above|
Once you know your classification, you can take steps to lower your LDL cholesterol. One proven way to achieve this is through the Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes path, or TLC.
HDL=high-density lipoprotein; LDL=low-density lipoprotein.
TLC is a step-by-step way to lower your LDL cholesterol. Take a look at the typical steps below:
|Follow this for 6 weeks||First doctor visit—Start lifestyle changes
|Follow this for 6 weeks||Second doctor visit—Check LDL and, if needed, add more dietary approaches
|Follow this for 6 weeks||Third doctor visit—Check LDL and, if needed, add drug therapy
Many people will be able to lower their LDL enough with TLC alone. If your LDL needs more lowering, you may have to take a cholesterol-lowering drug in addition to TLC.
Major types of cholesterol-lowering drugs include:
To learn more about TLC and cholesterol-lowering drugs, visit www.nhlbi.nih.gov and search for "cholesterol."
Always talk to your doctor about what is best for you. Ask your doctor before starting any treatments or making changes in your routine or medicine.
Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.