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Health Journey Support | Treatments for Type 1 Diabetes

It is important to keep your type 1 diabetes under control. This brochure describes some treatment options your doctor may prescribe to help you manage it.

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Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes

You or someone you know may have type 1 diabetes. This handout describes some treatment options your doctor may prescribe to help manage it.

Your Treatment Options

If you have type 1 diabetes, your goal is to keep your blood glucose, or sugar, within a normal range. Your doctor may suggest one or more of these options:

  • Insulin therapy
  • Other medicines
  • Checking your blood glucose (sugar)
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Getting regular exercise.
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Insulin Therapy

Because your pancreas doesn't make enough or any insulin, you will need to take insulin. It will replace what your body should be making.

A healthcare professional can train you to inject the insulin just under the skin. You may need to give yourself injections several times each day.

Another way to get insulin is through an insulin pump. The pump is attached to your body and sends insulin through a tube that is just under your skin.

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Man-Made Amylin Therapy

Your pancreas may not be making enough of a chemical called amylin.

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Amylin helps control your blood sugar level by reducing the amount of sugar your liver makes during a meal.

It also slows the movement of food through your stomach so your body doesn't take it in as fast. If your body isn't making enough amylin, there are medicines to replace it.

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Blood Sugar Monitoring

How much medication you need will depend on the level of sugar in your blood.

You will need to check the level of sugar in your blood with a glucometer. Ask your doctor how often to check.

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To do this, you will prick your finger with a small needle called a lancet. Then, you will place a drop of blood in the glucometer, following the directions provided with your glucometer.

Knowing your blood sugar level allows you to adjust:

  • Your insulin dose.
  • The calories you eat during meals.
  • Physical activity as directed by your healthcare provider.
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Healthy Diet and Regular Exercise

Your treatment plan includes eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise. They will help you manage your sugar level and may help reduce your risk of complications from type 1 diabetes.

It is important to take your medications as directed by your doctor.

Do not go off your medication unless your doctor tells you to do so.

Tell him or her about any side effects you may have.

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The information in this handout has been created and peer reviewed by graduate-level medical illustrators, followed by reviews from medical subject experts, either physicians or PhDs on the Nucleus Medical Review Board, to ensure medical accuracy and audience level appropriateness.

The handout is intended to supplement the information you receive from your healthcare provider and should never be considered personal medical advice. Always contact your healthcare provider with health questions and concerns.