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Health Journey Support | Type 1 Diabetes Overview

Diabetes is a problem with the way your body uses food for growth and energy. Five to ten percent of people who have diabetes have type 1. Source: US Department of Health and Human Services. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC).

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Type 1 Diabetes Overview

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a problem with the way your body uses food for growth and energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down into glucose, which is also known as blood sugar. Diabetes is a serious disease that affects your whole body. If it is not controlled, you can have problems with your eyes, your kidneys, and your heart.

Five to ten percent of people who have diabetes have Type 1. It happens most often in children and young adults, but it can also happen at any age.

Symptoms Symptoms may include being more thirsty than usual, having to urinate often, always being hungry, losing weight, having blurred vision, and being tired often.

How is diabetes diagnosed?

The blood glucose (sugar) test The blood glucose (sugar) test is a simple procedure that can tell you what your blood sugar is at that time. To diagnosis Type 1 diabetes using the blood sugar test your doctor may choose to do it at a random time of the day or 2 hours after your last meal. Follow your doctor's advice about how often to do this test.

The A1c test

The A1c or hemoglobin A1c test is a test for blood sugar and it shows your average blood sugar for

the past 2 to 3 months. The doctor does this test to see what your blood glucose is most of the time. Follow your doctor's advice about how often to have this test done.

How is diabetes managed?

Today, healthy eating, physical activity, and taking insulin are some of the common treatments for Type 1 diabetes. The amount of insulin must be balanced with how much you eat, your exercise, and daily activities.

If you have diabetes, you should take good care of yourself each day. Much of your daily care involves keeping blood sugar levels from going too low or too high. When your blood sugar levels drop too low, you might faint or become nervous, shaky, or confused.

You can also become ill if blood sugar levels rise too high.

Your doctor will work with you to help you find ways to control your diabetes.

Talk to your doctor

Always talk to your doctor about what is best for you. Ask your doctor before starting any treatments or making changes in your routine or medicine.

Source: US Department of Health and Human Services. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC) Web site. https://www.diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/overview/#types. Accessed March 6, 2014.