Smoking is an addiction, both mentally and physically. Fortunately, there are several tools that can help make stopping smoking a reality. This brochure offers suggestions to help patients quit smoking.
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FOR CARE TEAMS
Smoking, COPD, and Asthma
It could be difficult for your patients to hear the words, "Don't smoke." It's been pounded into their brains for years. But, despite all the warnings, people still smoke. And smoking has a direct link to COPD. In fact, it's the main risk factor for the disease. It's also the most common trigger to set off an asthma attack.1,2
The younger a patient was when they started smoking, the more vulnerable they are now to respiratory disease. Smoking as a child and as a teenager can slow down the lungs' growth and development—increasing the risk of getting COPD as an adult. Tobacco smoke is unhealthy for everyone, especially for people with asthma.1,2
Secondhand smoke from cigarettes, cigars, or pipes can make your patients' COPD or asthma worse. So it's important for the places where your patients live, work, and visit are smoke-free.3
21% of people with asthma are smokers and patients with asthma should not smoke. Another important reason for your patients to quit.2
The COPD-Smoking Link
Tools For Quitting Smoking
Smoking is an addiction, both mentally and physically. Fortunately, there are several tools that can help make stopping smoking a reality. Most people will need a combination of them: medicine, a methodology to change personal habits, and emotional support.5
Here are some of the ways to help your patients quit:
There are some smokers who should not use NRT. People who continue to smoke, pregnant women, and teens should stay away from NRT. All patients should speak to their healthcare provider before starting NRT or any other quit-smoking methodology.
NRT comes in several forms: gum, patches, sprays, inhalers, and lozenges. The delivery system should be based on the patient's habits and preferences
Prescription drugs.7 There are a few prescriptions that have been found to help smokers quit. Some can be used in conjunction with NRT. Others must be started weeks before the day a patient decides to quit. As always, patients must discuss with their healthcare provider whether or not a prescription drug is right for them
Emotional support.8 Physical withdrawal is only half the equation for smoking cessation. The mental cravings can be even more challenging for patients. Fortunately, there is support for the emotional side of quitting smoking, with counselors who can help with everything from listening to sharing tips and insights:
- Telephone-based help with trained counselors, available day and night
- Quit-smoking programs and support groups, such as Nicotine AnonymousÂ® and groups sponsored by the American Cancer Society, the American Lung Association, or your local hospital
- One-on-one counseling with a trained professional
- Network of family and friends to lend a helping hand when a craving hits
- Workplace, hospital or wellness centers may offer support programs
Try, Try Again
Encourage patients to continue trying to quit smoking if they relapse. Most people go back to smoking within the first month of quitting because of withdrawal symptoms. It can take up to 10 times to finally be free of smoking.6
Other Ways to Quit Smoking
The following methods have helped some people quit smoking, but they have not been studied extensively9:
Two to five years after quitting smoking, the risk of stroke is the same as a non-smoker!10
Quitting smoking isn't easy. But it's not impossible. Millions of people have quit, and your patients can too.
References: 1. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). Morbidity & Mortality: 2012 Chart Book on Cardiovascular, Lung and Blood Diseases. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/files/docs/research/2012_ChartBook_508.pdf. Accessed January 9, 2018. 2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Asthma and secondhand smoke. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/campaign/tips/diseases/secondhand-smoke-asthma.html. Accessed November 21, 2017. 3. COPD Foundation. Quitting smoking. https://www.copdfoundation.org/What-is-COPD/Living-with-COPD/Quitting-Smoking.aspx. Accessed November 21, 2017. 4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Smoking and Respiratory Diseases. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/50th-anniversary/pdfs/fs_smoking_respiratory_508.pdf. Accessed January 18, 2018. 5. American Cancer Society. How to quit smoking or smokeless tobacco. https://www.cancer.org/healthy/stay-away-from-tobacco/guide-quitting-smoking.html. Accessed November 21, 2017. 6. American Cancer Society. Nicotine replacement therapy for quitting tobacco. https://www.cancer.org/healthy/stayawayfromtobacco/guidetoquittingsmoking/nicotine-replacement-therapy. Accessed November 21, 2017. 7. American Cancer Society. Prescription drugs to help you quit tobacco. https://www.cancer.org/healthy/stay-away-from-tobacco/guide-quitting-smoking/prescription-drugs-to-help-you-quit-smoking.html. Accessed November 21, 2017. 8. American Cancer Society. Benefits of quitting smoking over time. https://www.cancer.org/healthy/stay-away-from-tobacco/benefits-of-quitting-smoking-over-time.html. January 11, 2018. 9. American Cancer Society. Other ways to quit smoking. https://www.cancer.org/healthy/stayawayfromtobacco/guidetoquittingsmoking/other-ways-to-quit-smoking. Accessed November 21, 2017. 10. American Cancer Society. Benefits of quitting smoking over time. https://www.cancer.org/healthy/stay-away-from-tobacco/benefits-of-quitting-smoking-over-time.html. Accessed November 21, 2017.